There are several different types of shoes with running spikes, and each is designed specifically for a different type of running or jogging. The various cross trainers and spiked running shoes have different specifications which will depend on the distance your are running and also on the type of surface. Many people like to do cross country running, some for the enjoyment of it and others for exercise to keep fit. Whatever level you are at, novice or very experienced, and whichever style of running you prefer doing, your shoes are your number one piece of training equipment, so you should be careful to ensure that you are wearing the right ones.
The spikes worn by sprinters are incredibly lightweight, and have fitted plates on the soles onto which the spikes themselves are attached. Both the superior traction afforded by the spikes and the weight, help the sprinter to maximize speed and confidence. After all, the last thing an athlete needs during an important race is to have a nagging feeling that they might slip at a crucial moment and end up losing. Just a slight slip can be critical for sprinters because they are often only separated by hundredths of a second. The sprint spikes do not have any cushioning in the heels, as they are pretty much stripped bare for pure speed. There are a few different types of spike shape that can be used; it is the terrain which will make that decision for the athlete.
The cross country running spikes are not designed the same way as the sprint spikes, but of course, their job remains just the same, namely to prevent the runner from slipping and getting injured. There are two principle differences. The first one is that cross country spikes have a lot of extra cushioning in the heel section, whereas the sprint spikes have none. Cross country races are a lot longer distances than a quick sprint, so if these shoes didn’t include and kind of padding it would be likely to result in the injury of the athlete. The second big difference is to do with spikes themselves. The cross country ones are longer so that they can gain proper traction on trails and tracks and in muddy and wet conditions. While it is true that some people think that cross country races are only ever run on rough tracks and trails, this is not quite accurate. Some of these races are held on smooth, rigid surfaces, where actually, a pair of cross country spikes wouldn’t be much use, as they would be unable to gain any traction.
The fact is, for smooth and rigid running surfaces, you will not need athletics spikes at all; you will be far better off wearing a pair of ordinary regular road running shoes. And for the future, try to make sure you always work out a running route first, and understand the kind of surfaces you will be running on. This lets you plan what kind of shoes and apparel you will require.